Antidepressants are a drug class that balance certain chemicals in the brain that affect mood and behavior.
Antidepressants are a class of drugs that contain moderate to certain chemicals in the brain that affect mood and behavior.
These drugs were first developed in the 1950s. Today, experts estimate that about 10% of Americans take antidepressants.
Medications are used to treat a variety of conditions, including:
To be angry
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Disorders of social anxiety
Mania – Depression disorder
Major depressive disorder
Traumatic Posts Syndrome (PTSD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Pain in neuropathy
It can take several weeks for antidepressants to start working. They are usually taken at once for months or years.
There are several different classes of antidepressants. These include:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
Serotonin-norepinephrine re-optic inhibitors (SNRIs)
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA)
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)
Tetracycline antidepressants (TECA)
Noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NASSAs)
There are many antidepressants on the market. Some of these include:
Fluoxetine (Prozac, Seraphim)
Sert Line (Zuluft)
Protraptide Line (Viocatal)
Trazodone bipropion (Wellbutrin)
Antidepressant Side Effects
Antidepressants can cause side effects, including:
Irritability or irritability
Loss of sexual desire or other sexual problems
Impairment of standing function
Antidepressants must continue to receive black box warnings about the potential for suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
In a short-term study, medications increased the risk of suicidal tendencies in some children and young adults with depression or mental illness.
These effects are most noticeable in the weeks after starting a course of antidepressants or after a dose increase.
A 2016 analysis published in BMJ Magazine found that the use of antidepressants could double the risk of aggression and suicide in children.
In addition, if you suddenly stop taking an antidepressant, you may experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
Talk to your doctor about your possible side effects and how to minimize or completely avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Antidepressants and Weight Gain
Weight gain is another common side effect of antidepressants.
Some studies show that up to 25% of people who take this drug gain weight significantly.
You can reduce this side effect by following an exercise and healthy eating plan.
Because some antidepressants are more likely to cause weight gain than others, talk to your doctor about another medication if the antidepressant you are taking causes your weight problems.
Antidepressants and Pregnancy
Taking antidepressants during pregnancy can be dangerous for the unborn baby, but there are also risks for some pregnant women who do not treat depression.
Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of taking antidepressants during pregnancy.
Some antidepressants get into breast milk, but there is no conclusive evidence that it is harmful to breastfeeding newborns.
Nevertheless, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking antidepressants if you are breastfeeding.
Antidepressants and Alcohol
Drinking alcohol while taking antidepressants can worsen your symptoms and increase your risk of some side effects.
Talk to your doctor about possible interactions between alcohol and antidepressants.