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Diabetes is a condition that affects the body’s ability to process blood glucose, otherwise it is known as blood sugar.
In the United States, an estimated 30.2 million people over the age of 18 are diagnosed and diagnosed with diabetes. Statistics range from 27.9 to 32.7 per cent of the population.
Continued, without careful management, diabetes can lead to high blood sugar, which can increase the risk of serious complications, including stroke and heart disease.
There are different types of diabetes, and managing the condition depends on the type. Not all types of diabetes lead to overweight or sedentary lifestyle. In fact, some have existed since childhood.
- Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others). Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes
- DPP-4 inhibitors
- GLP-1 receptor agonists
- SGLT2 inhibitors
Management of type 2 diabetes includes:
- Weight loss
- Healthy eating
- Regular exercise
- Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
- Blood sugar monitoring
The three major types of diabetes can be caused by type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, it occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. People with type 2 diabetes depend on insulin, which means they want to take synthetic insulin daily to survive.
Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes affects the way the body uses insulin. Although the body still makes insulin, unlike Type I, the body’s cells do not respond as effectively as they did before. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, it is the most common type of diabetes and has a strong association with obesity.
Diabetes during pregnancy: This type is found in women during pregnancy when the body becomes less sensitive to insulin. Diabetic diabetes is not found in all women and usually resolves after birth.
Having high blood sugar levels can be frustrating and many people want to know what they can do to help lower blood glucose levels.
We consider some options for lowering blood glucose in the short term.
What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?
The classic symptoms of high blood glucose levels are:
- Feeling very thirsty
- Need to go to the toilet more often
- Dry mouth
- Feeling tired/sluggish
- Feeling restless and itchy
- Check your blood sugar
If you are taking medication that can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), you are advised to check your blood sugar level before trying to lower your blood sugar level.
What is the latest drug for diabetes?
A new pill to lower blood sugar for people with type 2 diabetes was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Friday. The drug, Rybelsus (semaglutide) is the first pill in a class of drugs called a glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) approved for use in the United States.
What is the name of diabetes medicine?
One drug makes up the class of oral diabetes medications known as the biguanides, and that is metformin (Glucophage). It works by decreasing the production of glucose by the liver and by making the muscle more sensitive to insulin. The thiazolidinediones, rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos), work in a similar way.
What is the best diabetes medication with the least side effects?
However, metformin remains the recommended first-line drug. It not only lowers blood sugar, Pantalone said, but also carries a low risk of hypoglycemia (potentially dangerous drops in blood sugar).
Which tablet is best for diabetes?
- Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others). Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. …
- Sulfonylureas. …
- Meglitinides. …
- Thiazolidinediones. …
- DPP-4 inhibitors. …
- GLP-1 receptor agonists. …
- SGLT2 inhibitors. …
Can diabetes be cured permanently?
While diabetes is incurable, a person can stay in remission for a long time. No cure for diabetes currently exists, but the disease can go into remission. When diabetes goes into remission, it means that the body does not show any signs of diabetes, although the disease is technically still present.
How can I naturally beat diabetes?
- Improve Your Diet to Help You Treat Type 2 Diabetes Naturally.
- Lose Weight — Especially Belly Fat — to Help Lower Glucose Levels.
- Exercise Regularly as Part of Your Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Plan.
- Control Sleep Apnea to Help Manage Blood Sugar Spikes and Dips.
What vegetables are good for diabetes?
- Carrots. The fiber in nonstarchy vegetables helps us feel full and satisfied. …
- Broccoli. In addition to helping with satiety, the fiber in vegetables acts as a prebiotic. …
- Zucchini. …
- Cabbage. …
- Spinach. …
- Tomatoes. …
- Cucumber. …
Which fruit is good for diabetes?
While some forms of fruit, like juice, can be bad for diabetes, whole fruits like berries, citrus, apricots, and yes, even apples — can be good for your A1C and overall health, fighting inflammation, normalizing your blood pressure, and more
Are bananas bad for diabetics?
Bananas are a safe and nutritious fruit for people with diabetes to eat in moderation as part of a balanced, individualized diet plan. A person with diabetes should include fresh, plant food options in the diet, such as fruits and vegetables.
What is the normal sugar level?
A blood sugar level of less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.
How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Stomach pain.
- Fruity breath odor.
- A very dry mouth.
This is only possible if your blood sugar is normal or low, which can happen in some situations.
If you take insulin, it is especially important to check your blood sugar before lowering your levels.
When to call for medical advice
It is important to note that high blood glucose levels can be dangerous and it is important to be aware of the symptoms and risk factors for the following conditions.
Diabetic ketoacidosis – a short-term complication commonly associated with type 1 diabetes
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state – a short-term complication commonly associated with type 2 diabetes
If you are struggling to control your blood glucose levels, talk to your GP or counsellor who can give you advice or send you to a course on diabetes education.
Correcting high blood sugar levels with insulin
If you take insulin, one way to lower blood sugar is to inject insulin.
However, be careful because insulin can take up to 4 hours or more to be fully absorbed, so you need to make sure you know how much insulin you can take in your body before it is absorbed into the bloodstream. Should be Insulin that is not yet absorbed into the blood is called ‘active insulin’.
If you decide to take insulin, make sure you are not overly accurate as it can cause hypoglycemia and can be dangerous, especially before bed.
Exercise can help lower blood sugar and is a good way to achieve this.
This may mean that strenuous exercise will have a positive effect on lowering blood sugar, but this is not always the case because strenuous exercise can trigger a stress response that raises blood glucose levels in the body. ۔ The answer varies from person to person.
Controlling blood sugar (glucose) levels is the biggest goal of diabetes treatment, to avoid complications of the disease.
Type 1 diabetes is associated with insulin as well as dietary changes and exercise.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed with non-insulin medications, insulin, weight loss, or dietary changes.
The choice of medication for type 2 diabetes is individual, taking into account:
Efficacy and side effect profile of each drug,
The basic state of the patient’s health,
Compliance with any medication, and
Cost for patient or healthcare system.
Medications for Type 2 Diabetes Medications can work in a variety of ways to lower blood glucose levels. They can:
Increased insulin sensitivity,
Increase glucose excretion,
Reduce carbohydrate absorption by digestion, or
Work through other mechanisms.
Med medications for type 2 diabetes are often used in combination.
Different ways of supplying insulin include:
Pre-filled pens, and
Proper nutrition is part of any diabetes care plan. There is no one-size-fits-all “diabetic diet” that is recommended for everyone.
Pan-pancreatic transplantation is an area of active study for the treatment of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet
A type 2 diabetes diet is based on eating foods low on the glycemic index, for example:
- Whole wheat
- Brown rice
- Steel-cut oatmeal
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion or the body’s ability to use insulin.
The biggest goal in treating type 1 and type 2 diabetes is to control blood sugar (glucose) levels within normal limits, with minimal circulation at low or high levels.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
Exercise, and one
Type 1 diet for diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is treated:
Weight loss, a type 2 diabetes diet, and exercise first
Diabetes medications (oral or injections) are prescribed when these measures fail to control blood sugar for type 2 diabetes.
If other medications become ineffective, treatment with insulin can be started.
Note that the drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes are not commonly used in pregnant or breastfeeding women. Currently, the only way to control diabetes in pregnant or lactating women is through diet, exercise and insulin therapy. You should talk to your healthcare professional if you are taking this medicine, are considering getting pregnant, or if you have become pregnant while taking this medicine.
Med medicines have been developed for type 2 diabetes
Increasing the production of insulin through the pancreas,
Decreasing the amount of glucose released from the liver,
Increased cell sensitivity (response) to insulin,
Reduce the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestines, and
Slowly emptying the stomach, thus delaying the digestion and absorption of nutrients in the small intestine.
A preferred medication can provide more than one benefit (for example, lower blood sugar and control cholesterol). Different combinations of medicines can control diabetes.
Not every patient with type 2 diabetes will be able to benefit from every medicine, and not every medicine is suitable for every patient.
Medications for type 2 diabetes fall into specific categories based on which they work to control blood sugar. These drug classes include: