Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment, and More

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes extreme changes in one’s mood and energy levels. A person with bipolar disorder may experience a somewhat high or irritable mood (called manic episodes, or mania) as well as an episode of depression.

These changes are far more severe than the usual mood swings that affect everyone: they can involve bad thinking and behavior, and can affect your ability to function on a daily basis.

Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

There are different types of bipolar disorder, which vary in their symptoms and severity. One characteristic of each type is the episodes of mood swings that differ from normal, surface mood and working intervals. Your doctor will diagnose your condition based on the length, frequency, and pattern of episodes of your mania and depression.

Bipolar I is marked with at least one infamous episode, and a large number of people with bipolar I also have major depressive episodes. Bipolar II is a special depressive event as well as an interval between an event of hypomania (which is less severe than complete mania) and a stable mood. With cyclastemia, a mild form of bipolar disorder, less severe hypomanic and depressive episodes alternate for at least two years. (1)

An involuntary event consists of at least one week of unusual and permanently high and irritable mood, with an increase in goal-setting activity or energy. Numerous other symptoms occur most days of the day. In order for an event to be considered insane, it must be accompanied by a serious disorder or hospitalization or will involve certain psychological characteristics. A hypnotic episode is similar but not as severe or inactive and has a shorter duration, lasting at least four days. (2)

You can easily get distracted, as if your thoughts are running and talking too much. You will also need sleep. And with a strong sense of self-worth, you can engage in enjoyable but reckless, dangerous behaviors with negative consequences.

Income episodes involve a clear and noticeable change in mood and functioning, and this can lead to difficulties in your daily activities or to prevent harm to yourself or others in the hospital. Strict enough to enter. An involuntary event can also cause a break from reality (psychosis), including deception or distraction. (3)

Symptoms of a major depressive event include a lack of interest in regular activities in which you usually find happiness or purpose, significant changes in weight or appetite, changes in sleep, restlessness or fatigue, feelings of emptiness and lawlessness, Attention-grabbing involves anxiety and thoughts. Suicide Experiencing five or more of these lasting and disruptive symptoms over a two-week period, including at least one symptom of a depressed mood, is considered a major depressive episode.

The Four Different Types of Bipolar Disorder

This form of bipolar I condition is considered extremely severe.

People with bipolar disorder have at least one traumatic event, and most people will have some traits of depressive events – or at least depressive episodes.

Episodes are described as symptoms that affect a person every day for at least a week. Unique episodes are often the most extreme in people with dual seizures.

Bipolar II This type of bipolar disorder is usually diagnosed after a person has experienced at least one major depression and at least one episode of hypnosis.

The height in bipolar II is not as high as in bipolar I, although it is important to understand that bipolar II is a separate state, not the slightest form of bipolar I.

Unfortunately, when a person’s hypomanic episodes are not recognized, bipolar II is sometimes reported as a major depressive disorder.

Cyclothemia is a mild form of boiler disorder, sometimes also called cyclothemic disorder. People with this condition periodically experience hypomanic and depressive symptoms, even though they do not meet the full criteria for hypomanic or depressive episodes.

Other Specific or Non-Specific Bipolar Disorders When someone else does not meet the criteria for any type of polar disorder but still experiences a significant, abnormal elevation period in their mood, this diagnosis is used. Goes (3)

Causes and Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder

Researchers aren’t sure what causes bipolar disorder, but there seems to be a link between condition and genetics, brain structure, and brain function.

Studies have shown that if your parents or siblings have bipolar disorder, you are more likely to have the condition. Cultural heritage is estimated at about 70%. (4) But having a family history of bipolar disorder does not mean that you will be diagnosed. In fact, most people with a family history of bipolar disorder do not develop the condition. (5)

According to an article published in the journal February 2014, the genetic components that were thought to be at work are complex, but some gene mutations – notably ODZ4, NCAN and CA. In the CNA1 gene. Application of clinical genetics. (6)

The role of epigenetics, DNA modifications that do not alter DNA sequencing but regulate gene activity, has also been the subject of increasing amounts of research, including in Clinical Practice in Mental Health and Epidemiology in 2018. A published study is also included. ()) In addition to genetic factors, environmental factors are also likely to be involved to some extent.

Studies using brain imaging tools, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), have sought to show how the brains of people with bipolar disorder are healthier. Or different from the brains of people with a mental illness.

An MRI study found that adults with bipolar disorder have a prefrontal cortex in their brains that is smaller than that – and does not work as well – in the prefrontal cortex of adults with bipolar disorder. Disorder does not occur. (8)

The prefrontal cortex governs the executive functions of the brain, such as problem solving and decision making. Other studies using neuroimaging, such as a study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders in December 2014, found brain differences with bipolar I and bipolar II. (9)

Individuals with a history of other mental health disorders – including anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and later traumatic stress disorder – appear to be at increased risk of developing bipolar disorder, although these links Is still being studied.

There are a number of symptoms or conditions that can lead to bipolar disorder. Changes in sleep patterns, having good arguments with co-workers or loved ones, experiencing high stress or traumatic events, alcohol abuse, some drug interactions, weather shifts, and hormonal changes in pregnancy all drive you crazy. May put you at greater risk for a depressing event.


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